doi: 10.15389/agrobiology.2022.3.542eng

UDC: 632.754.1:574.91

Supported financially by the State assignment of the Federal Research Centre of the Subtropical Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, project No. FGRW-2022-0006 (population monitoring), and the Russian Science Foundation, grant No. 21-16-00050 (analysis of distribution dynamics and damage,



N.N. Karpun1 , B.A. Borisov2, E.N. Zhuravleva1, I.P. Borisova3, V.D. Nadykta4, D.L. Musolin5

1Federal Research Centre the Subtropical Scientific Centre RAS, 2/28, ul. Yana Fabriciusa, Sochi, 354002 Russia, e-mail (✉ corresponding author);
2AgroBioTechnology LLC, 7-4, Kronshtadtskiy Bul., Moscow, 125212 Russia, e-mail;
3PharmBioMed LLC, ul. Sel’skochozjaistvennaya, 12a, Moscow, 129226 Russia, e-mail;
4Federal Scientific Centre of Biological Plant Protection, VNIIBZR, Krasnodar-39, 350039 Russia, e-mail;
5Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University, Institutskiy per., 5, St. Petersburg, 194021 Russia, e-mail

Karpun N.N.
Borisova I.P.
Borisov B.A.Х
Nadykta V.D.
Zhuravleva E.N.
Musolin D.L.

Received March 26, 2022

During a few recent decades, in many regions of the world, there have been recorded expansion of ranges and an increase in the harmfulness of many species of shield bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) (A.R. Panizzi, 2015; J.E. McPherson, 2018). A leading role in these processes is probably played by the current climate change and unintentional introduction of phytophagous pentatomids as a result of intensified transportation of goods and development of tourism coupling with natural polyphagy and high migratory potential of many pentatomids (D.L. Musolin, A.Kh. Saulich, 2012, A.M. Wallner et al., 2014; T. Haye et al., 2015; T.C. Leskey and A.L. Nielsen, 2018). In the south of Russia, since the start of the XXI century there have been numerous records of increased population density and substantial damage caused to soybean, vegetable, fruit, and berry crops caused by the southern green stink bug Nezara viridula (L.) that previously had only limited distribution and damage in the region (M.V. Pushnya et al., 2017; A.S. Zamotailov et al., 2018). In the Krasnodar Territory and Republics of Adygea and Crimea, losses of tomato, beans, cabbage, grapes, raspberries and other crops caused by this pest reached 70-90 % in some places in 2017-2019. On the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus (in Russia, Abkhazia, and Georgia), agricultural and ornamental crops are currently also seriously damaged by the invasive brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål) that was introduced to the region less than 10 years ago (I.M. Mityushev, 2016; D.L. Musolin et al., 2018). In different parts of its invasive range, this polyphagous pentatomid demonstrates tendencies to expand its’ host plant range (D. Lupi et al., 2017; M.-A. Aghaee et al., 2018; S. Francati et al., 2021; V. Zakharchenko et al., 2020). At the same time, various wild plant species growing along forest edges and forest belts have recently become the major reserves of N. viridula and H. halys in the Caucasus and this greatly complicates the control of these pests (B.A. Borisov et al., 2020). Studies of seasonal development of the native shield bug Graphosoma lineatum (L.) in the forest-steppe zone of the Belgorod Region demonstrated that currently this species often produces two annual generations, whereas in the 1990s the species had two generations during the growing season only in the exceptionally warm years with temperatures above the mean level (D.L. Musolin, A.Kh. Saulich, 2001). Currently, in European countries and Russia, a number of pentatomids, e.g., Palomena prasina (L.), Dolycoris baccarum (L.), Eurydema ornata (L.), Pentatoma rufipes (L.), and Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda), have increased population densities what is accompanied by increased damage caused by these species to cultivated crops and wild plants. In Central America, the stink bug Antiteuchus innocens Engleman et Rolston was not previously considered a serious pest, but in recent years an increased abundance of this pentatomid has been recorded in Mexico, what lead to a weakening of pine forests (F. Holguín-Meléndez et al., 2019). High population densities and increased damage caused by stink bugs to crop production is also facilitated by the absence or slow development of control measures against these invasive pests.

Keywords: Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Pentatomidae, phytophagous insects, pests, harmfulness, population density dynamics, invasive species, climate change, Nezara viridula, Halyomorpha halys.



  1. Henry T.J. Biodiversity of Heteroptera. In: Insects biodiversity: science and society. R.G. Foottit, P.H. Adler (eds.). Bllackwell Publ., Oxford (Hoboken), 2009: 279-336 CrossRef
  2. Vinokurov N.N., Kanyukova E.V., Golub V.B. Katalog poluzhestkokrylykh nasekomykh (Heteroptera) Aziatskoy chasti Rossii [Catalog of Hemiptera insects (Heteroptera) of the Asian part of Russia]. Novosibirsk, 2010 (in Russ.).
  3. Puchkov V.G. Shchitniki. Fauna Ukraїni. Tom 21. Vypusk 1. Kiiv, 1961 (in Ukr.).
  4. Rider D.A. Family Pentatomidae Leach, 1815. In: Catalogue of the Heteroptera of the Palaearctic region. B. Aukema, C. Rieger (eds.). Netherlands Entomological Society, Amsterdam, 2006, 5: 233-402.
  5. Rider D.A., Schwertner C.F., Vilímová J., Rédei D., Kment P., Thomas D.B. Higher systematics of the Pentatomoidea. In: Invasive stink bugs and related species (Pentatomoidea): biology, higher systematics, semiochemistry, and management. J.E. McPherson (ed.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2018: 25-201.
  6. Kukharuk E.V. Еkologiya klopov-shchitnikov (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) Tsentral’nogo Predkavkaz’ya. Avtoreferat kandidatskoi dissertatsii [Ecology of stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) of the Central Ciscaucasia. PhD Thesis]. Moscow, 2009 (in Russ.).
  7. Musolin D.L. Shchitniki (Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea): raznoobrazie sezonnykh adaptatsiy, mekhanizmov kontrolya sezonnogo razvitiya i reaktsiy na izmenenie klimata. Doktorskaya dissertatsiya[Shield insects (Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea): variety of seasonal adaptations, mechanisms for controlling seasonal development and responses to climate change. DSc Thesis]. St. Petersburg, 2017 (in Russ.).
  8. Petrova V.P. V knige: Fauna Sibiri [In: Fauna of Siberia]. Novosibirsk, 1970: 53-81 (in Russ.).
  9. Opredelitel’ sel’skokhozyaystvennykh vrediteley po povrezhdeniyam kul’turnykh rasteniy /G.E. Osmolovskiy (red.) [Key to agricultural pests by damage to cultivated plants. G.E. Osmolovskiy (ed.)]. Leningrad, 1976 (in Russ.).
  10. Opredelitel’ vrednykh i poleznykh nasekomykh i kleshchey zernovykh kul’tur v SSSR /L.M. Kopaneva (sost.) [Key to harmful and beneficial insects and mites of grain crops in the USSR]. Leningrad, 1980 (in Russ.).
  11. Opredelitel’ vrednykh i poleznykh nasekomykh i kleshchey tekhnicheskikh kul’tur v SSSR /L.M. Kopaneva (sost.) [Key to harmful and beneficial insects and mites of industrial crops in the USSR]. Leningrad, 1981 (in Russ.).
  12. Opredelitel’ vrednykh i poleznykh nasekomykh i kleshchey ovoshchnykh kul’tur i kartofelya v SSSR /L.M. Kopaneva (sost.) [Key to harmful and beneficial insects and mites of vegetable crops and potatoes in the USSR]. Leningrad, 1982 (in Russ.).
  13. Opredelitel’ vrednykh i poleznykh nasekomykh i kleshchey odnoletnikh i mnogoletnikh trav i zernobobovykh kul’tur v SSSR /L.M. Kopaneva (sost.) [Key to harmful and beneficial insects and mites of annual and perennial grasses and leguminous crops in the USSR]. Moscow, 1983 (in Russ.).
  14. Opredelitel’ vrednykh i poleznykh nasekomykh i kleshchey plodovykh i yagodnykh kul’tur v SSSR /L.M. Kopaneva (sost.) [Key to harmful and beneficial insects and mites of fruit and berry crops in the USSR]. Moscow, 1984 (in Russ.).
  15. Opredelitel’ vrednykh i poleznykh nasekomykh i kleshchey sakharnoy svekly v SSSR /L.M. Kopaneva (sost.) [Key to harmful and beneficial insects and mites of sugar beet in the USSR]. Leningrad, 1986 (in Russ.).
  16. Nasekomye i kleshchi vrediteli sel’skokhozyaystvennykh kul’tur. Tom 1. Nasekomye s nepolnym prevrashcheniem /G.Ya. Bey-Bienko, V.N. Vishnyakova, E.M. Dantsig et al. (sost.) [Insects and mites pests of agricultural crops. Volume 1. Insects with incomplete metamorphosis]. Leningrad, 1972 (in Russ.).
  17. Pavlyushin V.A., Vilkova N.A., Sukhoruchenko G.I., Nefedova L.A., Kapustkina A.V. Vrednaya cherepashka i drugie khlebnye klopy [Turtle bugs and stink bugs — the wheat pests]. St. Petersburg, 2015 (in Russ.).
  18. Panizzi A.R. Growing problems with stink bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): Species invasive to the U.S. and potential Neotropical invaders. American Entomologist, 2015, 61(4): 223-233 CrossRef
  19. Panizzi A.R., McPherson J.E., James D.G., Javahery M., McPherson R.M. Stink bugs (Pentatomidae). In: Heteroptera of Economic Importance. C.W. Schaefer, A.R. Panizzi (eds.). CRS Press, Boca Raton etc., 2000: 421-474.
  20. Ludwig S.W., Kok L.T. Harlequin bug, Murgantia histrionica (Hahn) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) development on three crucifers and feeding damage on broccoli. Crop Protection, 2001, 20(3): 247-251 CrossRef
  21. da Silva A.G., Gonçalves C.R., Galvão D.M., Gonçalves A.J.L., Silva M. do N., de Simoni I. Quarto catálogo dos insetos que vivem nas plantas do Brasil — seus parasitos e predadores. Vol. 1, pt. 2. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1968.
  22. Cruz F.Z., Corseuil E. Notas sobre o percevejo grande do arroz. Lavoura Arrozeira, 1970, 23(258): 53-56.
  23. Brown E.S. Notes on the systematics and distribution of some species of Aelia Fabr. (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae) in the middle East, with special reference to the rostrata group. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 1962, 5: 129-145 CrossRef
  24. Mariod A.A., Mirghani M.E.S., Hussein I. Agonoscelis pubescens Sorghum bug as a source of edible protein and oil. In: Unconventional oilseeds and oil sources. A.A. Mariod, M.E.S. Mirghani, I. Hussein (eds.). Academic Press, 2017: 315-321 CrossRef
  25. Invasive stink bugs and related species (Pentatomoidea). Biology, higher systematics, semiochemistry, and management. J.E. McPherson (ed.). CRC Press, 2018.
  26. Musolin D.L, Saulich A.Kh. Еntomologicheskoe obozrenie, 2012, 91(1): 3-35 (in Russ.).
  27. Mack R.N., Simberloff D., Lonsdale W.M., Evans H., Clout M., Bazzaz F.A. Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecological Applications, 2000, 10(3): 689-710 CrossRef
  28. Wallner A.M., Hamilton G.C., Nielsen A.L. Hahn N., Green E.J., Rodriguez-Saona C.R. Landscape factors facilitating the invasive dynamics and distribution of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), after arrival in the United States. PLoS ONE, 2014, 9(5): e95691 CrossRef
  29. Penca C., Hodges A. First report of brown marmorated stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) reproduction and localized establishment in Florida. Florida Entomologist, 2018, 101(4): 708-711 CrossRef
  30. Haye T., Gariepy T., Hoelmer K. Rossi J.-P., Streito J.-C., Tassus X., Desneux N. Range expansion of the invasive brown marmorated stinkbug, Halyomorpha halys: an increasing threat to field, fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. Journal of Pest Science, 2015, 88: 665-673 CrossRef
  31. Leskey T.C., Nielsen A.L. Impact of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug in North America and Europe: history, biology, ecology and management. Annual Review of Entomology, 2018, 63: 599-618 CrossRef
  32. Zamotaylov A.S., Belyy A.I., Esipenko L.P. V sbornike: Itogi nauchno-issledovatel’skoy raboty za 2017 god [In: Results of research work for 2017]. Krasnodar, 2018: 43-44 (in Russ.).
  33. Musolin D.L., Fujisaki K. Changes in ranges: trends in distribution of true bugs (Heteroptera) under conditions of the current climate warming. Russian Entomol. J., 2006, 15(2): 175-179.
  34. Musolin D.L. Insects in a warmer world: ecological, physiological and life-history responses of true bugs (Heteroptera) to climate change. Global Change Biology, 2007, 13(8): 1565-1585 CrossRef
  35. Bebber D.P., Holmes T., Gurr S.J. The global spread of crop pests and pathogens. Global Ecol. Biogeogr., 2014, 23(12): 1398-1407 CrossRef
  36. Laštuvka Z. Climate change and its possible influence on the occurrence and importance of insect pests. Plant Protection Science, 2009, 45: 53-62 CrossRef
  37. Bebber D.P., Ramotowski M., Gurr S.J. Crop pests and pathogens move polewards in a warming world. Nature Climate Change, 2013, 3(11): 985-988 CrossRef
  38. Kavar T., Pavlovčič P., Sušnik H.C., Meglič V., Virant-Doberlet M. Genetic variation of geographically separated populations of the southern green bug Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research,2006, 96(2): 117-128 CrossRef
  39. DeWitt N.B., Godfrey G.L. The literature of arthropods associated with soybeans. II. A bibliography of the southern green stink bug Nezara viridula (Linnaeus) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Illinois Nat. History Survey, Biol. Notes, 1972, 78: 1-23.
  40. Shardlow M.E.A., Taylor R. Is the southern green shield bug, Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) another species colonizing Britain due to climate change? British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 2004, 17: 143-146.
  41. Grozea I., Ştef R., Virteiu A.M. Cărăbeț A., Molnar L. Southern green stink bugs (Nezara viridula L.), a new pest of tomato crops in western Romania.Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 2012, 44(2): 24-27.
  42. Hanselmann D. Aliens and citizens in Germany: Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) and Nezara viridula (Linnaeus, 1758) new to Rhineland-Palatinate, Oxycarenus lavaterae (Fabricius, 1787) new to Saxony, Arocatus longiceps Stål, 1872 new to Hesse. Mainzer Naturwissenschaftliches Archiv, 2016, 53: 159-177.
  43. Hemala V., Kment P. First record of Halyomorpha halys and mass occurrence of Nezara viridula in Slovakia (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Plant Protection Science, 2017, 53(4): 247-253 CrossRef
  44. Gierlasiński G., Sokołowski T. Nezara viridula (Linnaeus, 1758) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) w Polsce. Heteroptera Poloniae — Acta Faunistica, 2019, 13: 9-11 CrossRef
  45. Kment P., Vik R. First record of the alien southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in the Czech Republic. Klapalekiana, 2019, 55: 207-211.
  46. Birgücü A.K., Karsavuran Y. Food preference ofNezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Natural & Applied Science, 2015, 19(3): 85-91 (in Turkish">CrossRef
  47. Artable L.M., Martinez M. de los A. Occurencia de heteropteros en agroecosistemas Cubanos de soya (Glycine max (L.) Merril). Revista de Protection Vegetal, 2003, 18(2): 98-103.
  48. Aragon J. Soybean integrated pest management implementation in Argentina. Proc. VII World Soybean Res. Conference, IV Int. Soybean Proc. and Utilization Conference, III Congresso Brasiliero de Soja Brazilian Soybean Congress. Brazil, Foz do Iguassu, 2004: 183-190.
  49. Vivan L.M., Panizzi A.R. Geographical distribution of genetically determined types of Nezara viridula (L.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 2006, 35(2): 175-181 CrossRef
  50. Chandel R.S., Chandla V.K., Verma K.S., Pathania M. Insect pests of potato in India: biology and management. In: Insect pests of potato. A. Alyokhin, C. Vincent, P. Giordanengo (eds.). Academic Press, 2013: 227-268 CrossRef
  51. Tougou D., Musolin D.L., Fujisaki K. Some like it hot! Rapid climate change promotes changes in distribution ranges of Nezara viridula and Nezara antennata in Japan. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 2009, 130(3): 249-258 CrossRef
  52. Yukawa J.K., Kiritani K., Kawasawa T., Higashiura Y., Sawamura N., Nakada K., Gyotoku N., Tanaka A., Kamitani S., Matsuo K., Yamauch S., Tamatsu Y. Northward range expansion by Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Shikoku and Chugoku District, Japan, possibly due to global warming. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 2009, 44(3): 429-437.
  53. Chanthy P., Martin R.J., Gunning R.V., Andrew N.R. Influence of temperature and humidity regimes on the developmental stages of green vegetable bug, Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) from inland and coastal populations in Australia. General and Applied Entomology: The Journal of the Entomological Society of New South Wales, 2015, 43: 37-55.
  54. O’Leary P.F. Biological associations of Nematospora coryli Peglion, Nezara viridula (L.), and Glycine max (L.) Merrill. PhD dissertation. Mississippi State University, 1988.
  55. Medrano E.G., Esquivel J.F., Bell A., Greene J., Roberts P., Bacheler J., Marois J., Wright D., Nichols R., Lopez J. Potential for Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) to transmit bacterial and fungal pathogens into cotton bolls. Current Microbiology, 2009, 59(4): 405-412 CrossRef
  56. Prom L.K., Lopez J.D., Mayalagu G.P. Passive transmission of sorghum ergot (Claviceps africana) by four species of adult stink bugs. Southwestern Entomologist, 2005, 30(1): 29-34.
  57. Musolin D.L. Surviving winter: diapause syndrome in the southern green stink bug Nezara viridula in the laboratory, in the field, and under climate change conditions. Physiological Entomology, 2012, 37(4): 309-322 CrossRef
  58. Pushnya M.V., Shirinyan Zh.A. Zashchita i karantin rasteniy, 2015, 10: 27-29 (in Russ.).
  59. Pushnya M.V., Ismailov V.Ya., Snesareva E.G. Uspekhi sovremennoy nauki, 2017, 1(10): 162-166 (in Russ.).
  60. Snesareva E.G., Pushnya M.V., Rodionova E.Yu. V sbornike: Biosfera i chelovek [In: Biosphere and humanity]. Maykop, 2019: 122-124 (in Russ.).
  61. Plotnikova T.V., Salomatin V.A., Pushnya M.V., Ismailov V.Ya., Snesareva E.G., Rodionova E.Yu. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya, 2019, 2: 30-34 (in Russ.).
  62. Borisov B.A., Karpun N.N., Borisova I.P. V sbornike: Dendrobiontnye bespozvonochnye zhivotnye i griby i ikh rol’ v lesnykh еkosistemakh (XI Chteniya pamyati O.A. Kataeva) [In: Dendrobiont invertebrates and fungi and their role in forest ecosystems (XI Readings in memory of O.A. Kataev)]. St. Petersburg, 2020: 96-97 CrossRef (in Russ.).
  63. Mityushev I.M. Zashchita i karantin rasteniy, 2016, 3: 48 (in Russ.).
  64. Musolin D.L., Konjević A., Karpun N.N., Protsenko V.Ye., Ayba L.Ya., Saulich A.Kh. Invasive brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in Russia, Abkhazia, and Serbia: Range expansion, early stages of establishment and first records of damage to local crops. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 2018, 12(4): 517-529 CrossRef
  65. Kistner E.J. Climate change impacts on the potential distribution and abundance of the brown marmorated stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) with special reference to North America and Europe. Environmental Entomology, 2017, 46(6): 1212-1224 CrossRef
  66. Karpun N.N., Grebennikov K.A., Protsenko V.E., Ayba L.Ya., Borisov B.A., Mityushev I.M., Zhimerikin V.N., Ponomarev V.L., Chekmarev P.A., Dolzhenko V.I., Karakotov S.D., Mal’ko A.M., Govorov D.N., Shtundyuk D.A., Zhivykh A.V., Sapozhnikov A.Ya., Abasov M.M., Mazurin E.S., Ismailov V.Ya., Evdokimov A.B. Korichnevo-mramornyy klop Halyomorpha halys Stål v Rossii: rasprostranenie, biologiya, identifikatsiya, mery bor’by [Brown marbled bug Halyomorpha halys Stål in Russia: distribution, biology, identification, and control]. Moscow, 2018 (in Russ.).
  67. Zakharchenko V., Karpun N., Borisov B. Trophic connections of the brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys Stål in the conditions of the invasive area on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. BIO Web Conf., 2020, 21: 00007 CrossRef
  68. Lupi D., Dioli P., Limonta L. First evidence of Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera Heteroptera, Pentatomidae) feeding on rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research, 2017, 49(1): 67-71 CrossRef
  69. Aghaee M.-A., Lee Rice S., Milnes J.M., Goding K.M., Godfrey L.D. Is Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) a threat to California rice? Crop Protection, 2018, 111: 1-5 CrossRef
  70. Francati S., Masetti A., Martinelli R., Mirandola D., Anteghini G., Busi R., Dalmonte F., Spinelli F., Burgio G., Dindo M.S. Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on kiwifruit in Northern Italy: phenology, infestation, and natural enemies assessment. Journal of Economic Entomology, 2021, 114(4): 1733-1742 CrossRef
  71. Neacsu M., Grozea I., Stef R. Pre-wintering behavior of Halyomorpha halys (Insecta: Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 2019, 51(4): 97-103.
  72. Brust G.E., Rane K.K. First report of the yeast Eremothecium coryli associated with brown marmorated stink bug feeding injury on tomato and apple. Phytopathology, 2011, 101(6S): 22 (2011 APS-IPPC Joint Meeting Abstracts and Presentations) CrossRef
  73. Scarpari M., Giambattista G.D., Vitale S., Luongo L., De Gregorio T., Schreiber G., Belisario A. First report of kernel dry rot caused by Eremothecium coryli on hazelnut in northwestern Italy. Plant Disease, 2018, 102(12): 1-4 CrossRef
  74. Sokolov L.V. Klimat v zhizni rasteniy i zhivotnykh [Climate in plant and animal life]. St. Petersburg, 2010 (in Russ.).
  75. Musolin D.L., Saulich A.H. Environmental control of voltinism of the stinkbug Graphosoma lineatum in the forest-steppe zone (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Entomologia Generalis, 2001, 25(4): 255-264.
  76. Mammedova T.R., Mustafaeva E.F. Study of Pentatomidae (Heteroptera) species distributed in different regions of Azerbaijan. Agrarian Science, 2021, 10: 74-77.
  77. Vasil’eva G.P. V sbornike: Uchenye zapiski Chuvashskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo instituta im. I.Ya. Yakovleva [In: Scientific notes of the I.Ya. Yakovlev Chuvash State Pedagogical Institute]. Cheboksary, 1970, XXXI: 142-147 (in Russ.).
  78. Atlas-opredelitel’ bespozvonochnykh zhivotnykh goroda Permi: monografiya /M.Ya. Lyamin (red.) [Atlas of invertebrate animals of the city of Perm: monograph. M.Ya. Lyamin]. Perm’, 2014 (in Russ.).
  79. Powell G. The biology and control of an emerging shield bug pest, Pentatoma rufipes (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Agr. Forest Entomol., 2020, 22(4): 298-308 CrossRef
  80. Sankey J.H.P. Observations on Pentatoma rufipes L. (Hem., Pentatomidae) on cherry trees. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 1945, 81: 86-87.
  81. Alkarrat H., Kienzle J., Zebitz C.P.W. Biology, abundance and control strategy of Pentatoma rufipes L. (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae) in organic pome fruit orchards in Germany. Proc. 19th Int. Conference on Organic Fruit-growing. Hohenheim, 2020: 111-117.
  82. Smirnova N.V. Nauchnye trudy Gosudarstvennogo prirodnogo zapovednika «Prisurskiy», 2019, 34: 210-213 (in Russ.).
  83. Koz’minykh V.O. Fauna Urala i Sibiri, 2020, 1: 13-17 CrossRef (in Russ.).
  84. Engleman H.D., Rolston L.H. Eight new species of Antiteuchus Dallas (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomology Society, 1983, 56: 175-189.
  85. Ortega-León G. Estadios ninfales de Antiteuchus innocens (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae: Discocephalinae: Discocephalini) recolectados en Persea americana (Lauraceae). Anales del Instituto de Biología. Serie Zoología, 2001, 72: 199-207.
  86. Holguín-Meléndez F., González-Gómez R., Valle-Mora J., Infante F., Huerta-Palacios G. The biology of Antiteuchus innocens (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) under field conditions. Florida Entomologist, 2019, 102(1): 85-89 CrossRef
  87. Zakharchenko V.E. Bioеkologicheskie osobennosti korichnevo-mramornogo klopa (HalyomorphahalysStål) vo vlazhnykh subtropikakh Rossii i mery bor’by s nim. Kandidatskaya dissertatsiya [Bioecological features of the brown marble bug (Halyomorpha halys Stål) in the humid subtropics of Russia and its control. PhD Thesis]. Sochi, 2021 (in Russ.).
  88. Vinokurov N.N., Dubatolov V.V. Desert shield bug Brachynema germarii (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) is found in the south of Eastern Siberia, Russia. Zoosystematica Rossica, 2018, 27(1): 146-149 CrossRef
  89. Emets V.M. Rossiyskiy zhurnal biologicheskikh invaziy, 2020, 13(4): 62-65 (in Russ.).
  90. Aukema B., Hermes D. New and interesting Dutch bugs III (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Nederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen, 2009, 31: 53-88 (in Dutch).
  91. Pełka A., Markowicz M., Chróścik M. Pierwsze stanowiska Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda, 1761) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) na Nizinie Mazowieckiej [First records of Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda, 1761) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in the Eastern Beskid Mts. and the Sandomierz Plain]. Heteroptera Poloniae — Acta Faunistica, 2019, 13: 97-100 (in Polish).
  92. Aksenenko E.V., Kondratyeva A.M., Musolin D.L. The first record of Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda, 1761) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) for Voronezh Region and notes about the host-parasitic relationships with Cylindromyia bicolor (Olivier, 1812) (Diptera: Tachinidae). Russian Entomological Journal, 2021, 30(2): 143-145 CrossRef
  93. Lupoli R.T., van der Heyden T., Dioli P. Confirmation of Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Albania and its host plants. Heteroptera PoloniaeActa Faunistica, 2021, 15: 101-102 CrossRef
  94. Brugnera R., Lima Y., Grazia J., Schwertner C.F. Occurrence of the yellow-spotted stink bug Erthesina fullo (Thunberg) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Brazil, a polyphagous species from Asia. Neotrop. Entomol., 2021 CrossRef
  95. Mi Q., Zhang J., Gould E., Chen J., Sun Z., Zhang F. Biology, ecology, and management of Erthesina fullo (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): a review. Insects, 2020, 11(6): 346 CrossRef
  96. Carvajal M.A., Alaniz A.J., Núñez-Hidalgo I., González-Césped C. Spatial global assessment of the pest Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): current and future scenarios. Pest Management Science, 2019, 75(3): 809-820 CrossRef
  97. Bragard C., Baptista P., Chatzivassiliou E., Di Serio F., Gonthier P., Miret J.A.J., Justesen A.F., Magnusson C.S., Milonas P., Navas-Cortes J.A., Parnell S., Potting R., Reignault P.L., Stefani E., Thulke H.-H., Van der Werf W., Civera A.V., Yuen J., Zappalà L., Grégoire J.-C., Malumphy C., Kertesz V., Maiorano A., MacLeod A. Pest categorisation of Bagrada hilaris. EFSA Journal, 2022, 20(2): 7091 CrossRef







Full article PDF (Rus)