doi: 10.15389/agrobiology.2019.1.101eng

UDC 632.7:632.9:631.95

This work was carried out in accordance with the State Task No. 075-00376-19-00 of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation in the framework of the researches on subject No. 0686-2019-0009



I.S. Agas'eva, M.V. Nefedova, E.V. Fedorenko, A.O. Mkrtchyan,
A.S. Nastasii, V.Ya. Ismailov

All-Russian Research Institute of Biological Plant Protection, PO box 39, Krasnodar, 350039 Russia, e-mail,,,,, (✉ corresponding author)

Agas'eva I.S.
Mkrtchyan A.O.
Nefedova M.V.
Nastasii A.S.
Fedorenko E.V.
Ismailov V.Ya.

Received June 5, 2018


Severe adverse effects of chemical pesticides have driven demand for ecologically friendly technologies of plant growing with alternative pest control tactics. Traditional insecticides cause massive death of predatory ground beetles, bedbugs, coccinellids, lizards, flies and tachinid flies, parasitic trichogrammatids, ichneumonids, braconids and other useful species. Harmonized biological and chemical controls are becoming more relevant, which should include the use of beneficial entomofauna. This necessitates more data on sensitivity of entomophages to biologicals, biorational pesticides (i.e. natural substances and their synthetic analogues) and other selective chemistries. In this work, for the first time, we determined laboratory and field toxicity of several Russian and foreign conventional biologicals and chemicals for beneficial entomofauna of corn, potato and apple-tree agrocenoses. The originality of this study lies in its focus on searching commonly used biopesticides which can be integrated with entomophages in organic farming technology. The obtained data indicate that biorational insecticides Fitoverm® EC (emulsion concentrate) (Pharmbiomed, Russia, 1.3 l/ha), Vertimek® EC (Syngenta AG, Switzerland, 1.0 l/ha) and Atabron® SC (suspension concentrate) (ISK Biosciences, Belgium, 0.75 l/ha) are highly effective against harmful lepidopterans and aphids on corn, soy and pea crops without toxic effect on the massively used entomophagous Habrobracon hebetor Say and Aphidius matricaria Hal. Our findings also indicate effectiveness of combination of predatory bugs podisus (Podisus maculiventris Say) and perillus (Perillus bioculatus Fabr.) with biologicals against Colorado beetle on solanaceous crops. In using Bitoxybacillin® P (powder) (Sibbiopharm, Russia, 4 kg/ha) and Fitoverm® EC (1.3 l/ha), the survival rates of P. masculentris imagoes were 88 % and 82 %, respectively, with 64 % for older larvae. When using the same pesticides, the survival rates of P. bioculatus imagoes were 97 % and 91 %, respectively, with 58 % and 52 % for fourth- to fifth-instar larvae. Fitoverm® at 1 l/ha rate recommended against aphids does not affect the viability of the aphido-phages Cycloneda sangvinea Mul. and Harmonia axyridis Pallas on maize, vegetable pea and apple, and allows for survival of 85 % adult beetles C. sangvinea and of 88 % Asian ladybeetles H. ax-yridis. These data can be used in protocols for co-application of biologicals, biorational preparations and entomophages in organic and ecological farming to effectively control pests of maize (cotton moth, corn stalk moth, corn and cereal aphids), potatoes (Colorado potato beetle, potato aphids), peas (leguminous aphis), and apple trees (apple moth, Apple green aphid).

Keywords: biological preparations, entomopathogenic, insect sensitivity to pesticides, Habrobracon hebetor Say, Aphidius matricaria Hal., Perillus bioculatus Fabr., Podisus maculiventris Say, Cycloneda sangvinea Mul., Harmonia axyridis Pallas.



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